Wednesday, June 17, 2020

Russian Satirical Journals from the Revolutionary Upheaval of 1905-1907

Zarevo, Interior Art, 1906 pres2012-0707-332 Zhupel, Issue 2, Interior Art, 1905 pres2012-0720-39 Rus, Issue 11, interior art, 1907-11 Plamia, Issue 2, 1905 Plamia, Issue 4, 1905 Zabiiaka, Issue 3, 1905-06 Vampir, Issue 1, 1906 Anchar, Issue 1, 1906 pres2012-0731-3 pres2012-0711-21 Buria, Issue 4, Interior Art, 1906 Zhupel, Issue 3, Interior Art, 1906 pres2012-0005-2 Kosa, no. 1, February 10, 1906 Sekira, vol. 1, no. 8, February 10, 1906-1 Sekira, vol. 1, no. 10, 1906-1 Bureval, Issue 1, 1906 Leshii, Issue 1, Interior Art, 1906 pres2012-0707-1 Kosa, no. 2, 1906 pres2012-0005-9.2 Zarevo, Issue 3, 1906 Zhupel, Issue 1, 1905 Sekira, vol. 1, no. 12, 1906-8 Sekira, vol. 1, no. 6, January 27, 1906 Zhurnal, Issue 1, 1906 Burelom, Issue 3, 1906 Shershen', no. 10, March 10, 1906 Ovod, Issue 1, 1906 Zritel', vol. 2, no. 2, January 8, 1906-1 Skorpion, Issue 2, 1906 Buria, Issue 4, 1906 Gvozd, Issue 2, 1906 Zhupel, Issue 3, 1906 K svietu. Issue 1, 1906 Zhupel, Issue 3, Interior Art 2, 1906 Vampir, Issue 3, Interior Art, 1906 Bureval, Issue 1, Interior Art, 1906 Maski, Issue 5, Interior Art, 1906 pres2012-0700-26 pres2012-0754-3.2 Zhupel, Issue 3, Interior Art 4, 1906 Luvenal, Issue 1, 1906 pres2012-0754-2 Zhupel, Issue 3, Interior Art 3, 1906 Zabiiaka, Issue 3, Interior Art, 1905-06

"This collection documents some of the most important events of the period known as the first Russian Revolution of 1905-1907. It was during this unprecedented rise of national self-identity that the first Russian Constitution and Russian Parliament were initially created. The first Russian Revolution was a period of struggle for political, social and human rights, and the press, which had previously been subject to censorship, enjoyed a new freedom which had never before appeared in Russia.

Nevertheless, disillusionment with the political and social reforms was expressed through political satire and caricature, published in numerous journals all over the country. The pages of these journals served as an arena for political parties and the newly born social classes of Russia – both the bourgeois and the workers. The explicit satirical form of these publications and their subsequent immediate distribution to interested readers attracted many well-known writers and artists who were either contributors or, occasionally, editors of these journals. The journals in the collection present a unique and sparkling collaboration amongst famous Russian authors such as Konstantin Bal’mont, Ivan Bunin, Maxim Gorky, Aleksandr Kuprin, Valerii Brusov, etc., with the artistic talents of Ivan Bilibin, Boris Kustodiev, Léon Bakst, Valentin Serov, Alexandre Benois, and others.

As the Russian autocracy regained its power, the unprecedented freedom of the Russian press diminished and then vanished. While some journals were published continuously for months afterward, many others were either closed or suppressed, and their editors prosecuted, with the entire publishing run of some issues confiscated and destroyed by the authorities. " - quote source

Images mostly found at USC Libraries.

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