Sunday, May 10, 2009

Devil Tarot de Marseille
Tarot de Marseille, reprint Agmuller, Switzerland (1870)


"Michael Dummett's research led him to conclude that - based on the lack of earlier documentary evidence - the Tarot deck was probably invented in northern Italy in the fifteenth century. Other scholars who disagree with that theory point to a medieval origin of the game. For the moment, it is ascertained that tarot cards were introduced into southern France from northern Italy when the French conquered Milan and the Piedmont in 1499. The antecedents of the Tarot de Marseille would then have been introduced into southern France at around that time. The game of tarot died out in Italy but survived in France and Switzerland. When the game was reintroduced into northern Italy, the Marseille designs of the cards were also reintroduced to that region.

The name Tarot de Marseille is not of particularly ancient vintage; it was coined at least as early as 1889 by the French occultist Papus (Gérard Encausse) in Chapter XI of his book le Tarot des bohémiens (Tarot of the Bohemians), and was popularized in the 1930s by the French cartomancer Paul Marteau, who used this collective name to refer to a variety of closely related designs that were being made in the city of Marseille in the south of France, a city that was a centre of playing card manufacture, and were (in earlier, contemporaneous, and later times) also made in other cities in France. The Tarot de Marseille is one of the standards from which many tarot decks of the nineteenth century and later are derived." - quote source

Grimaud, Tarot of Marseilles - France (1963, reprint of 1761 of Nicolas Convert)

Fournier, Tarot of Marseilles - Spain (1984, reprint of 18th century)

Gassmann, Tarot of Marseilles - Switzerland (1840 - 1860)

Berti, Tarot of Marseilles (18th c.)

1920, probably older woodblocks from J.Jerger, "Renault", Tarot de Besancon

Rochias XV


Fournier, Le Tarot de Marseille - France (1992)

Fournier, Spanish Tarot - Spain(1992)

Tarot Major Arcana - Russia (2002)

2 comments:

Jase said...

very cool post. thanks man

bapton said...

superbes!